Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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Curve of Spee, dental teeth bite - see Occlusion

Click on the small photos below to enlarge.
Image Photo Description
curve of spee, occlusion teeth bite  adjustment tooth occlusal anaylsis, facebow, hypereruption supr Supraeruption occurs when a tooth continues to grow out of the gum if the opposing tooth in the opposite jaw is missing. Treatment involves placing a tooth in the missing space and adjusting the height of the supraerupted tooth.
curve of spee, occlusion, bite, dental articulator, bite adjustment, occlusal analysis, facebow This lower right three unit bridge was incorrectly made because the curve of Spee was not first reestablished specifically regarding the upper right first molar tooth #3. The dotted white line in the photo shows where the upper tooth should have first been reduced before making the lower dental bridge. This would have helped recreate a normal curve of Spee and healthy dental occlusion.
dental articulator, bite adjustment, Supra-eruption, supraeruption, mesial drift, tipping, occlusion Supraeruption and mesial drift secondary to extraction of a lower first molar tooth. Photos 1) -2) The upper first molar has supra-erupted because its opposing antagonist, the lower first molar, has been extracted. Photo 3) Mesial drift of the lower second molar tooth is seen secondary to the removal of the lower first molar. Photo 4) Both supra-eruption of the upper first molar tooth and mesial drifting of the lower second molar tooth can be seen in this one x-ray because the lower first molar tooth was extracted and was not replaced with either a dental implant or bite plate. Conclusion: tooth extraction can frequently cause significant occlusal bite problems if not actively prevented.
Curve of Spee, dental articulator, bite adjustment, occlusal analysis, facebow, oral rehabilitation Smile Makeover performed by a Columbia University dental student in our office. The student, Jared Bowyer, is part of a unique honors program at Columbia. This work involved recreating a healthy occlusion with a normal curve of Spee.


 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.