Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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space closure filling, close tooth gap spacing, cosmetic dentistry

Click on the small photos below to enlarge.
Image Photo Description
space closure, fix tooth gaps, close teeth spaces, Orthodontics, fixed braces,  elastics This photo shows fixed orthodontics braces with power chain. Power chain is used here to close teeth gap spaces.
space closure, fix tooth gaps, close teeth spaces, Orthodontics, braces, powerchain Fixed orthodontics with power chain being used to close a teeth space gap. Power chain is commonly used in braces for space closure.
space closure, fix tooth gaps, close teeth spaces spacing, braces, protrusion  protruded midline Fixed orthodontics braces used to retract severe labial inclination of the front teeth and thereby close teeth gaps spaces. 1) & 2) Pre-operative Before photos. Note the upper and lower central incisor teeth spacing. 3) & 4) Photos after six months of treatment. Again, note the amount of space closure between the upper and lower central incisors. Dental braces move teeth through bone like moving a basketball pole through wet cement using anchorage and elastics. Note the three teeth connected with wire are being used as an anchorage unit while one tooth is being pulled by the elastic band.
space closure, fix tooth gaps, close teeth spaces, orthodontic spacing, anchorage, elastics Close up mid-treatment dental braces pictures show how orthodontic space closure occurs. The amount of teeth gap spaces seen here is not unusual for patients who have a tongue thrust habit. This habit is most commonly seen in adolescent to middle aged black females. Controlling this habit is part of orthodontic treatment.
space closure, fix front tooth gaps, close  teeth spaces spacing, Cosmetic Dentistry  Bonding Closing a diastema - the gap space specifically between the two upper front teeth - with cosmetic dental bonding. Note how the bonding contours around the gingival papilla with this space closure.
space closure, fix tooth gaps, close teeth spaces, Maryland bridge, Cristobal,  Kristobal, Maryland bridge used for space closure. How to pictures: 1) Maryland bridge photo. 2) Master model shows the prepared teeth abutments with occlusal rests. 3) - 5) The dental bridge in place on the master model. 6) Intra oral picture of the edentulous span - the teeth gap space. 7) - 8) The teeth bridge in place.


 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.