Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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crossbite, cross bite occlusion, underbite, under bite

Click on the small photos below to enlarge.
Image Photo Description
crossbite, cross bite, x-bite, dental,  smile makeover, reconstruction, xbite zirconia crowns Smile Makeover. 1) & 2) Before Photos. 3) & 4) After Photos. A combination of 20 all-porcelain Zirconia crowns, porcelain veneers and a lower front bridge were used to treat natural tooth discoloration (and yellow old crowns) and a severe bilateral, posterior cross-bite. The crossbite means the upper back teeth closed down inside the lower back teeth. Total treatment time was about four weeks.
prognathic, cross bite, underbite, cross-bite, x-bite, bridges, caps, porcelain, orthognathic, tooth Cosmetic dentistry treatment of an underbite - lower jaw in front of upper jaw - and retained baby teeth. Treatment time was 16 days. Two 14 unit porcelain metal teeth bridges, were used to increase vertical dimention and "jump" the under bite. This patient definitely decided against orthognathic treatment.
cross bite, porcelain veneer laminate,  tooth, teeth, dental, cosmetic dentistry, crossbite Cosmetic treatment of a tooth in cross bite with a porcelain veneer laminate. The words cross bite and crossbite mean the same thing.
x-bite, crossbite, tooth cross bite, teeth,  dental,  braces, orthodontics, dentistry, bad bite These pictures show "Jumping" a crossbite with fixed orthodontics. Note that the canine tooth was moved from a palatal (inward) inclination to a labial (outward) inclination in about six weeks.
malocclusion, tooth crowding, teeth  crowded, crooked, crossbite, cross bite, study models, tooth This is a frontal and lingual view of a plaster study model of the same dentition. Note the anterior cross bite with the maxillary left lateral and the mandibular left canine teeth.
study models, plaster casts,  malocclusion, crossbite, cross bite,  cross-bite, tooth, teeth, dental Lateral views of the same dentition. Note the anterior crossbite between the upper lateral incisor and the lower canine on one side. A fixed orthodontic appliance teeth braces could be used to correct this cross bite.


 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.