Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

Protected by Copyscape Web Plagiarism Finder

Apically Repositioned Flap, periodontal gum surgery

Click on the small photos below to enlarge.
Image Photo Description
apical repositioning periodontal gum surgery, apically repositioned flap gums treatment Periodontal Gum Surgery for a patient whose gums had 5-7mm periodontal pocketing and bleeding upon probing.
Apically Repositioned Flap, periodontal gum surgery tooth splint, splinting, gums treatment Extraction of the root of a hopeless tooth #26 and splinting the coronal portion to the adjacent teeth in a 40 year-old female. Localized treatment of the gums. 1) - 3) Initial views. 4) The wire used for the splint next to a perio probe. The wire is doubled to prevent the tooth from rotating around it after placement. 5) The splint bonded to the lingual surfaces of teeth #'s 25 and 27. 6) Initial preparation through the mid-length of the tooth. 7) Following extraction of the root. 8) The extracted tooth root. This patient has already been through two rounds of scaling and root planing. After healing of this extraction site she will then have an apically positioned flap periodontal gum surgery and then possibly a graft to build up this area. It is expected that some other method for tooth replacement will be utilized following this periodontal gum therapy.


 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.