Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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fixed lingual palatal wire bonding, orthodontic retention, dental retainer

Click on the small photos below to enlarge.
Image Photo Description
braces, fixed lingual and palatal bonded wire orthodontic retention teeth retainer Post-Orthodontic Retention: Fixed or removable is always required. Fixed orthodontic retention is shown here in the pictures. A fixed teeth retainer is usually made of metal wire that is glued with dental bonding to the back of the upper and lower front teeth.
retainer teeth braces, fixed lingual  bonded wire  orthodontic retention Removal of a partially debonded fixed orthodontic teeth retainer. How to pictures. In the upper photo a dental explorer is placed between the dental bonding material and the tooth. The lower picture shows the dental retainer being removed. You may use a handpiece to gently obliterate any splint and/or bonding material that does not easily lift off with a college plier.
braces, fixed orthodontic retention dental palatal wire bonded retainer teeth procedure Orthodontist placement of a fixed palatal retaining wire before removal of orthodontic brackets. The fixed retainer is placed first to avoid teeth movement. Ligatures are used to stabilize the wire before dental bonding. How to pictures - fixed orthodontic retention teeth retainer.


 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.