Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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direct exposure pulp cap, tooth nerve, irreversible pulpitis

Click on the small photos below to enlarge.
Image Photo Description
direct pulp exposure of the dental nerve, Pediatric Endodontics, root canal therapy for children Direct pulp exposure of the dental nerve following traumatic injury in a child. Traumatic injury to teeth # 7 & 8. An Oral Surgeon ruled out other injuries. An Endodontist performed a partial pulpotomy (partial root canal therapy) on both teeth with MTA (middle photos). A fluoride-releasing glass ionomer was then placed on the remaining exposed dentin (lower photos). The intention is to achieve apexification. The teeth will then be prepared for full coverage crowns.
dental pulp cap pulpitis irreversible reversible symptoms treatment tooth nerve teeth dental Direct exposure of the dental pulp tooth nerve in a broken silver filling that caused tooth decay. The tooth cavity caused tooth pain symptoms and an irreversible pulpitis. Exposure of the dental nerve was evident while removing the dental caries. Root canal therapy and a tooth crown is the most predictable dental treatment.
direct exposure pulp cap tooth nerve teeth dental pulpitis IRM, rct, symptoms treatment A broken silver amalgam tooth filling is removed using a dental drill and the pictures show dental caries into the tooth nerve dental pulp. This tooth needs root canal pulpitis treatment; bleeding is visible from the dental nerve. This patient had severe tooth pain symptoms.
pulp cap root canal direct exposure tooth nerve root canal dental pulp cap pulpitis irreversible There is recurrent tooth decay under this silver filling. Note that buccal - cheek side - tooth decay removal with a dental drill usually causes more pulpitis symptoms afterwards than tooth cavity removal from the occlusal - biting - tooth surface. Dental decay is still present in the pictures. Root canal treatment and placement of a dental crown is most predictable.
direct exposure pulp cap, tooth nerve teeth root canal treatment symptoms pulpitis dental How to pictures. Direct pulp cap on a tooth nerve after direct exposure of the dental nerve while removing deep dental caries, a deep tooth cavity. This tooth needs root canal treatment and the placement of a tooth crown, dental cap. 1) Tooth decay is only seen in the x-ray. 2-7) Tooth cavity removal - tooth drilling pictures. 4) The tooth nerve exposure is first seen in this photo. 8) Dental bonding is completed as planned. More dental treatment is needed. This patient had an inflamed dental pulp and tooth pain symptoms. The pulp test showed the tooth was vital. It was agreed to first try to determine whether the tooth pain could be considered a reversible pulpitis that could heal with only tooth bonding or whether it would be considered an irreversible pulpitis needing root canal treatment. The depth of the tooth cavity suggested the latter and the patient agreed to return to meet with the Endodontist for a pulpectomy.


 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.