Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on NYCdentist.com have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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Plaque and Calculus, dental bacteria germs, periodontal pathogens

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Image Photo Description
periodontal gum disease gingival infection bleeding suppuration smell  Azor Amlodipine  Olmesartan This photo documents the effects of using Calcium Channel blockers with inadequate periodontal maintenance - in the presence of dental plaque and calculus. Calcium Channel blockers are commonly used to treat high blood pressure, angina pectoris and coronary artery disease. Physicians should obtain periodontal clearance that the patient is reasonably free of periodontal disease causing bacteria before prescribing such medication.
plaque, calculus, acute periodontal abscess, gum, gingivitis, periodontitis, pain, fistula, boil Acute periodontal oral abscess that resulted in tooth and gum pain. This patient did not have noticeable dental plaque or calculus that would explain this abscess. 1) This patient presented with this fistula between the gums of teeth #'s 7 & 8. Tooth #'s 8 & 9 had acrylic veneers placed elsewhere about two years ago. Her general dentist had performed a gingivectomy gum surgery last year to attempt to treat the occasional swollen gums in this same area. 2) The radiograph of tooth #9 shows a healed apicoectomy from 12 years ago that is not related to the current problem. 3) A gutta percha point was placed in the fistula gum boil and x-rayed to see where it lead. It stayed at the coronal gingiva near the veneer margin. The patient was put on tetracycline antibiotics for a week. [This is not a recommendation for everybody!] 4) Periodontist reevaluation two days later showed improvement in the infection and pain symptoms and resolution of the gingival inflammation. Recontouring of the veneer margin will occur following resolution of the acute condition. The focus is on mechanical irritation caused by the veneer since no discernible plaque and calculus was seen to account for the dental infection. Photo #1 of 2.
acute periodontal abscess, gum plaque  gingivitis, periodontitis, pain, fistula, boil dental hygieni Close up of acute periodontal oral abscess that caused significant gum pain. This patient presented with this draining fistula - gum boil - between tooth #'s 7 & 8. Tooth #'s 8 & 9 had acrylic veneers placed elsewhere about two years ago. Her general dentist had performed a gingivectomy last year to attempt to treat the occasional gum swelling in this same area. A gutta percha point was placed in the fistula and radiographed to see where it leads. It stayed at the coronal gingiva around the margin of the veneer. The patient was put on tetracycline antibiotics for a week. [This is not a recommendation for everybody!]. Reevaluation two days later shows improvement in symptoms and gingival inflammation. Recontouring of the veneer margin will occur following resolution of the acute condition. The focus is on mechanical irritation caused by the veneer since no discernible plaque and calculus was seen to account for the dental infection. Photo #2 of 2.
plaque acute periodontal abscess gum gingivitis periodontist pain boil no radiographic calculus Acute periodontal abscess that did not cause tooth pain. This patient had not been to the dentist for over two years. The x-rays look normal; i.e. there was not x-ray evidence of dental calculus. He received a dental prophylaxis cleaning and was placed on a chlorhexidene mouthwash. He was rescheduled for scaling and root planing with the dental hygienist and then further reevaluation with the Periodontist.
x-rays, radiographs, severe periodontal disease gum gingivitis bone loss without  calculus These x-rays show severe periodontal gum disease in a 40-year-old female dental phobia patient. Note the significant horizontal bone loss and the lack of radiographic calculus; this frequently indicates that the species of gum disease bacteria germs is more pathologic and should be of greater concern to the dentist and patient. In other words if there is a lot of obvious teeth plaque and calculus then it would reasonably explain significant bone loss. But if there is very little teeth plaque and calculus but there is significant bone loss then the bacterial species of the few bacteria present must be highly virulent or particularly unhealthy. Not all species of mouth bacteria are the same. Tooth #26, adjacent to the vertical bony defect, is probably hopeless. This patient was treated with two rounds of scaling by the dental hygienist and then periodontist reevaluation. Tooth #15 was extracted and #14 had root canal therapy and a dental crown.
radiographic xray calculus plaque,  gingivitis, gum disease, periodontitis, periodontal Xray radiographic calculus. Calculus is plaque that becomes hardened by absorbing salivary calcium and then becomes evident on x-rays. It usually indicates the chronic presence of dental plaque and is not healthy. A dental prophylaxis cleaning is usually first performed by a dental hygienist - and then possibly scaling and root planing. This is then typically followed by Periodontist reevaluation.
plaque, radiographic calculus, gingivitis, gum disease, periodontitis, periodontal, x-ray X-ray Radiographic calculus. Calculus is plaque that becomes hardened by absorbing salivary calcium and then becomes evident on x-rays. It is usually indicative of the chronic presence of plaque and is not healthy. A dental prophylaxis cleaning is usually first performed by a dental hygienist - and then possibly scaling and root planing. This is then typically followed by Periodontist reevaluation.
Plaque and Calculus, dental bacteria germs, periodontal gum disease gingival  mouth odor smell
A photo of dental calculus - calcified plaque - on an extracted molar tooth. This is a colony of bacteria - germs -and the source of infection in your gums and the rest of your body. If your gums are infected so are you!
Plaque and Calculus, dental bacteria germs, periodontal gum disease gingival infection bleeding
Gross Calculus - calcified plaque - in an elderly man. if there is a lot of obvious teeth plaque and calculus - as seen in these pictures - then it would reasonably explain significant bone loss. But if there is very little teeth plaque and calculus but there is significant bone loss then the bacterial species of the few bacteria present must be highly virulent or particularly unhealthy. Not all species of mouth bacteria are the same.
tooth Plaque and Calculus, oral bacteria  germs, xray, periodontist periodontal gum disease dentist Full mouth oral rehabilitation of a phobic 36 year-old female. Notice all the calculus on these teeth. Initial result: two visits. Photo #1 of 4.
dental bacteria germs, xray, radiographic,   infection bleeding odor smell tooth abutments diagnosis Full mouth oral rehabilitation of a phobic 36 year-old female. Notice all the plaque and calculus on the teeth in these pictures. Photo #2 of 4.
periodontist smile makeover, Plaque and Calculus, dental bacteria germs hygienist periodontal
Full mouth oral rehabilitation of a phobic 36 year-old female. In these pictures note how many teeth extractions were necessary because of the gum disease caused by the plaque and calculus. The mouth bacteria germs destroy the jaw bone around the teeth. Photo #3 of 4.
Plaque and Calculus, dental bacteria germs, gum disease mouth odor smell, phobic hygiene Full mouth oral rehabilitation of a phobic 36 year-old female. The treatment plan is to let the patient's mouth heal after removal of all the plaque and calculus and the associated bacterial infection in her mouth and jaws. Dental implants will be the next step following wound healing. These pictures show how to fabricate an interim temporary prosthesis. We prefer to make fixed temporary dental crowns but in this case there was extensive teeth damage. 1) Working models and bite made right after the teeth extractions. This will serve for the fabrication of the immediate denture. 2) Intra oral view of bite rims and bite material. 3) Extra oral view of bite rims and bite material. The patient did not want any wire clasps to be used to retain the prosthesis. 4) Intra oral view of the immediate dentures. A soft reline material was used on the gingival side of these dentures. This soft reline material was allowed to flow into the circular openings in the acrylic denture as it was seated. This soft reline material provided retention instead of using clasps. 5) & 6) Pictures of the upper denture with soft reline material visible. 7) & 8) Photos of the lower denture with soft reline material visible. Photo #4 of 4.
teeth plaque, dental calculus, rehabilitation phobic, phobia, fear, caps, treatment plan Initial before and after Smile Makeover pictures. Notice the plaque and calculus particularly on the lower front teeth. Eventually the dental infection reaches a point where the mouth considers the tooth a foreign body and pushes it out of the jaw bone.
dentistry plaque reconstruction, periodontal surgery, gum surgery, extraction Selective tooth extraction during an upper oral reconstruction. The initial treatment plan considered saving teeth #'s 6, 7 and 9 while extracting #'s 5 and 8. During the periodontal gum surgery, #5 was considered more stable than #6 so #5 was retained and #6 was extracted because of significant tooth mobility. This tooth mobility was caused by the presence of plaque and calculus deep on the root of this tooth. The tooth and gum infection caused bone loss around the tooth that resulted in tooth mobility.

 

 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.