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Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on NYCdentist.com have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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Gingival Margins, gum line around a tooth crown - see Gums, Periodontics

Click on the small photos below to enlarge.
Image Photo Description
gingival recession, crown and bridge margin, darkness black  gumline, gum recession, receded gums Gingival recession (receded gums) around the gingival margin of a dental bridge shows dark tooth root. This before and after photo shows the benefit of cosmetic teeth bonding without requiring replacement of the bridge.
inflamed gingival margin, gum inflammation, dental tooth crown gums, gumline The top photos show inflammation of the the gingival margins - gums - between two upper right dental crowns. The top arrow points to a purple, inflamed gingival papilla - gum point - and gingival embrasure. The bottom pictures show two upper left dental crowns in the same patient that are not inflamed. The bottom arrow points to pink, non-inflamed gum tissue.
Porcelain Veneer Laminate, Gingival margins pink porcelain gum gums papilla  cosmetic dental Gingival margins - the gum line - and Cosmetic Dentistry. One tooth bonding and one porcelain veneer. Treatment time: 2 visits. The patient refused teeth braces to bring the tooth down. The Veneer had pink porcelain around the gingival margin gum line to hide its relative height.
gingival margins, gingivitis, gumline,  gum line, embrasures, papilla, papillae dental crown Gingival margins - the gum line and poorly fitting dental crowns. Before and after pictures. The dental crowns in the upper photo were replaced with porcelain tooth crowns seen in the lower photo. Notice after treatment the improved appearance at the gums and the reestablished gingival papillae and gingival embrasures.
gingival margins gingivitis dark color  darkness black gums around a porcelain  crown cap Removing gingival margin darkness - black gums - around a front tooth covered with a porcelain fused to metal dental crown. Minor gum surgery was performed to provide root coverage and a new all-porcelain dental crown was placed.
gingival margins gumline gum line embrasures papilla papillae crown lengthening gum surgery Gingival margins - the gum line after crown lengthening gum surgery, suture removal and dental crown preparation - drilling. Notice a lot of tooth structure has been obtained for the dental crown margin. Dental crown margins can NEVER end on a core. After the temporary dental crown is placed, wait at least 6 weeks before taking an impression.
gingival margins gumline, gum line x-rays radiographs hopeless tooth decay  extraction Where to end a dental crown finish line relative to the gums - the gingival margin. Treatment of a a maxillary first molar with severe tooth decay cavity. 1) Initial x-ray. 2) X-ray following tooth extraction of #15 and root canal therapy on tooth #14. Note the gingival extent of the tooth decay - dental caries. 3) Tooth preparation following root canal therapy and the removal of the distal tooth decay. 4) Final tooth preparation of the composite resin crown buildup. Note how the distal tooth treatment extends at the gums - at the gingival margin - beyond the composite resin to solid tooth structure.
gingival margins gumline gum line caries dental tooth decay crown cap periodontal gum surgery Drilling removal of tooth decay cavity around a molar to establish the expected location of the gingival margin of the dental crown. This should be performed before referring the patient for crown lengthening periodontal gum surgery so the periodontist knows how much osseous bone reduction is necessary.
gingival margins crown gum line  buildup dental cap preparation drilling shoulder  bevel how to How to pictures and explanation. Crown buildup following root canal therapy in a molar tooth. 1) Following root canal therapy. 2) Tooth preparation for crown buildup. Note preparation into the root canal orifices creates mechanical retention of the core. 3) The Initial shoulder preparation of the dental crown margin. 4) Bevel placement of the dental crown margin. This tooth needs crown lengthening periodontal gum surgery to move the gingival margin apically. Not doing this will mean the tooth crown margin will invade the biologic width resulting in chronic periodontal inflammation.
gingival margin gum line tooth decay cavity dental caries gum crown gums lengthening Failure of a maxillary anterior porcelain dental crown. 1) Severe dental caries tooth decay. 2) The failed porcelain tooth crown with the prefabricated post still in it. 3) and 4) Tooth preparation drilling to determine the necessity for crown lengthening gum surgery. The dental crown margin should end on two millimeters of healthy tooth structure. This will allow for a retentive dental crown and healthy gums at the gingival margin.
gingival margins mucogingival graft  embrasures gum recession receded  mucogingival surgery Changing the location of gingival margins - the gum line with a free gingival graft - gum surgery. Free gingival graft for a lower left canine tooth. 1) Periodontal probe in the gingival sulcus showing the mucogingival defect. 2) Initial sub-sulcular surgical incision. 3) The gingival tissue harvested from the palate that will be used for the gum graft. 4) The gum graft sutured in place. Photo #1 of 4.
mucogingival graft periodontal gum surgery gingival margins recession   recipient site healing Changing the location of gingival margins - the gum line with a free gingival graft - gum surgery. Free gingival graft of a lower left canine tooth. Healing of the recipient site. 1) Initial surgical site. 2) One week post-op. 3) Two weeks post-op. 4) Seven weeks post-op. Photo #2 of 4.
mucogingival surgery free gingival graft gum surgery gingival margins donor site   gums healing Changing the location of gingival margins - the gum line with a free gingival graft - gum surgery. Free gingival graft of a lower left canine tooth. Pictures show healing of the palatal donor site. 1) Initial gum surgical site. 2) One week post-op. 3) Two weeks post-op. 4) Seven weeks post-op. Photo #3 of 4.
muco-gingival mucogingival graft surgery gum recession receded gum line   gums healing photos Changing the location of gums with a free gingival graft - gum surgery. Before and after pictures of a free gingival graft of a lower left canine tooth. 1) Periodontal probe in the gingival sulcus shows the mucogingival defect. 2) Seven weeks post-op. Photo 4 of 4.

 

 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.





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