Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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traumatic occlusion, occlusal trauma, hyperocclusion, centric relation

occlusal adjustment traumatic occlusion dental teeth bite tooth hyperocclusion occlusal trauma

Occlusal periodontal - combined bite gum - problems. A bad bite can cause periodontal gum disease. This 40 year old patient's front teeth increasingly moved out towards her lip and down and she now has a teeth gap space. Fremitus on tooth #8 - a form of traumatic occlusion - was noted as was the deep bite. Consider sculpting incisal adjustment of the lower anterior teeth, then periodontal scaling & root planing and then probably periodontal gum surgery in the upper anterior. Following gum healing consider teeth bonding with a palatal splint after reducing the incisal length of tooth #8. This tooth moved easily back into a ideal tooth position with light finger pressure before the splint was placed. The lower incisal occlusal adjustment created the room to move this upper tooth back.


 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.