Pictures of Dentistry and Dental Procedures

The thousands of pictures on have been created for educational purposes
by Dr. Jeffrey Dorfman, Director of The Center for Special Dentistry.

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Fremitus, tooth mobility, traumatic teeth vibration upon closing or biting

front tooth longer loose teeth mobility mobile fremitus diastema vibration bite occlusion centric

Fremitus is occlusal bite trauma that occurs when closing in centric relation. Tooth vibration can be felt on the tooth with an index finger when the mouth is opened and then closed. These pictures show the treatment of a periodontally involved - gum disease - upper left central incisor tooth #9. 1) & 2) Pre operative picture and xray. Note the angular bony defect in the radiograph. The patient reported that the tooth was getting longer and that he never previously had the tooth gap space between his two front teeth. 3) Palatal photo of the teeth splint placed between teeth #'s 8 & 9. 4) Post-operative image one hour later. Tooth bonding placed between the teeth to close the gap tooth space also hides the palatal wire splint. The incisal edge of #9 was shortened and the occlusion bite was checked and adjusted for fremitus. Scaling and root planing was next performed and the patient was placed on a three-month periodontal reevaluation with the periodontist.


 Information about these dental photos

     In medicine and dentistry "left" and "right" are based upon the orientation of the patient's body and not how they appear in a photograph of a smile.  For example, a reference to the upper left teeth will actually appear to be on the right side when viewing a picture of the face and similarly an upper right tooth will appear to be on the left side.

     Many words in dentistry like oral and mouth have a similar meaning and are frequently used together to help our readers find specific words they best understand.  This is particularly important because a majority of our visitors are from countries where English is not their primary language.  Maxilla or maxillary refer to the upper jaw.  Mandible or mandibular refer to the lower jaw.

     There are many other similar word combinations used throughout this website because our pages are read by patients and dentists.  A few of the most common are discussed here.  Tooth decay, tooth cavity and dental caries all mean the same thing.  Tooth, teeth and dental are also frequently interchanged as in teeth veneers or dental veneer laminate.  Oral rehabilitation and dental reconstruction mean smile makeover.  The word for x-ray may be used with or without a hyphen (this is true for other words too) and can also be called a radiograph.